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Dr Violeta Moreno-Lax, LLB/LLM (Murcia); MA (College of Europe); Post-graduate Certificate (ULB); PhD (Louvain)

Lecturer in Law

email: v.moreno-lax@qmul.ac.uk
Tel: +44 (0)20 7882 7040

Profile

Violeta Moreno-Lax

Dr Violeta Moreno-Lax is a Lecturer in Law at Queen Mary and the EU Asylum Law Coordinator at the Refugee Law Initiative of the University of London. She is also a member of the Steering Committee of the UK-based Migration Law Network, a member of the European Sub-Committee of the Immigration Law Practitioners Association (ILPA), as well as co-founder of the forthcoming LLM in Immigration Law to be launched in September 2014 at Queen Mary.

At Queen Mary, she is also a member of the Centre for Law and Society in a Global Context (CLSGC). Together with Dr Paul Gragl, she will be convening the Annual Seminar Series of the Centre in 2014-15, entitled ‘Beyond Pluralism? Co-Implication, Embeddedness and Interdependency between Public International Law and EU Law’.

Before coming to Queen Mary, Dr Moreno-Lax was Lecturer in Law at the University of Liverpool (2012-13), Departmental and College Lecturer in Law at the University of Oxford (2011-12), Law Tutor at the University of Louvain (2006-10) and Teaching Assistant at the College of Europe (2005-06). She has also been Invited Lecturer at the Law Faculty of the University of Oxford (in 2013 and 2014) and was Visiting Fellow at the Refugee Studies Centre of the University of Oxford (2010-12), Visiting Researcher at the Centre for Studies and Research of The Hague Academy of International Law (2010) and Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Migration Law of the University of Nijmegen (2009).

Dr Moreno-Lax has also acted as expert consultant for the European institutions and agencies on various occasions and advised a number of governmental and non-governmental organisations active in the area of refugee and migrant rights. Her latest briefing note for the LIBE Committee of the European Parliament (co-authored with Prof Elspeth Guild) was Current Challenges regarding International Refugee Law, with a focus on EU policies and EU co-operation with UNHCR [PDF 657 KB].

Dr Moreno-Lax read law at the University of Murcia (Spain), European Studies at the College of Europe and EU Immigration and Asylum Law at the Free University of Brussels (ULB). She completed her PhD in international and European refugee law and human rights at the University of Louvain (Belgium). Dr Moreno-Lax has obtained full scholarships to finance her postgraduate studies and research from the Government of Spain (2004-05), the FP6 Programme of the European Commission (2006-10), and from the Caja Madrid and Rafael del Pino Foundations (2010-11 and 2011-12 respectively). She currently specialises in international and EU law, migration studies and human rights. Her monograph, Seeking Asylum in Europe: Border Controls and Refugee Rights Under EU Law, is forthcoming with Oxford University Press.

Teaching

Undergraduate teaching:

Postgraduate teaching:

  • QLLM100 EU Migration Law (22.5 credits Semester 1)
  • QLLM174 Migration, Security and Human Rights (22.5 credits Semester 1)
  • QLLM175 International Refugee and Migration Law (convenor)
  • QLLM176 International Refugee Law (22.5 credits Semester 1) (convenor)
  • QLLM177 International Migration Law (22.5 credits Semester 2) (convenor)

Research

Dr Moreno-Lax's current research focuses on the interface between border control, migration management and international protection under EU and international law.

She is generally interested in 1) international refugee law and migration studies; 2) public international law, specially the study of jurisdiction, responsibility of States and international organisations, and the law of treaties; 3) EU law, with a particular focus on constitutional foundations and general principles, external relations and the external aspects of border and migration policy, free movement of persons, and justice and home affairs; 4) human rights, including regional systems of protection and enforcement.  

Work in progress or projects

Dr Moreno-Lax’s current research work focuses primarily on:

  • The completion of her monograph: Seeking Asylum in Europe: Border Controls and Refugee Rights under EU Law, (Oxford: OUP, forthcoming).
  • The finalisation of the analysis and commentary to the Common European Asylum System second-phase instruments for: EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 3, S. Peers, E. Guild, M. Garlick and V.  Moreno-Lax (eds.), (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, forthcoming).

Examples of research funding:

Dr Moreno-Lax has been involved in a number of collaborative and externally funded research projects, including:

Publications

Books and Monographs

  • Accessing Asylum in Europe: Extraterritorial Border Controls and Refugee Rights under EU Law, (Oxford: OUP, forthcoming)
  • EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 3 (Asylum), co-authored and co-edited with S. Peers, E. Guild and M. Garlick, (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, in print).

  • EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 2 (Migration), co-authored and co-edited with S. Peers, E. Guild, D. Acosta, and K. Groenendijk, (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2012).

Edited Collections

  • 'Boat Refugees’ and Migrants at Sea: A Comprehensive Approach. Integrating Maritime Security with Human Rights, V. Moreno-Lax and E. Papastavridis (eds.), (under review).
  • Human Rights in the Web of Governance: Towards a learning-based fundamental rights policy for the European Union, O. De Schutter and V. Moreno-Lax (eds.), (Brussels: Bruylant, 2010)

Peer-Reviewed Articles

  • ‘Systematising Systemic Integration: “War Refugees”, Regime Relations and a Proposal for a Cumulative Approach’ (2014) 5 Journal of International Criminal Justice (forthcoming).
  • ‘Hirsi v Italy or the Strasbourg Court v Extraterritorial Migration Control?’, (2012) 12(3) Human Rights Law Review 1-25
  • ‘Dismantling the Dublin System: M.S.S. v Belgium and Greece’, (2012) 14(1) European Journal of Migration and Law 1-31
  • ‘Beyond Saadi v UK: Why the “Unnecessary” Detention of Asylum Seekers is Inadmissible under EU Law’, (2011) 5(2) Human Rights and International Legal Discourse 166-206
  • ‘Seeking Asylum in the Mediterranean: Against a Fragmentary Reading of EU Member States’ Obligations Accruing at Sea’, (2011) 23(2) International Journal of Refugee Law 174-220
  • ‘The EU Regime on Interdiction, Search and Rescue, and Disembarkation: The Frontex Guidelines for Intervention at Sea’, (2010) 25(4) The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 621-635
  • ‘Must EU Borders Have Doors for Refugees? On the Compatibility of Visas and Carrier Sanctions with Member States’ Obligations to Provide International Protection to Refugees’, (2008) 10(3) European Journal of Migration and Law 315-364

Book Chapters

  • ‘The Legality of the “Safe Third Country” Notion Revisited: An Appraisal in light of General International Rules on the Law of Treaties’, in G.S. Goodwin-Gill (ed.), International Migrations, The Hague Academy of International Law, 2010 Research Session, (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, forthcoming).
  • (with M. Garlick), ‘The Qualification Directive’, in S. Peers, E. Guild, M. Garlick and V. Moreno-Lax (eds.), EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 3, (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, forthcoming)
  • (with M. Garlick), ‘The Procedures Directive’, in S. Peers, E. Guild, M. Garlick and V. Moreno-Lax (eds.), EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 3, (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, forthcoming)
  • (with E. Guild), ‘The Reception Conditions Directive’, in S. Peers, E. Guild, M. Garlick and V. Moreno-Lax (eds.), EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 3, (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, forthcoming)
  • ‘The External Dimension of the Common European Asylum System’, in S. Peers, E. Guild, M. Garlick and V.  Moreno-Lax (eds.), EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 3, (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, forthcoming)
  • ‘Of Autonomy, Autarky, Purposiveness and Fragmentation: The Relationship between EU Asylum Law and International Humanitarian Law’, in J.F. Durieux and D. Cantor (eds), Refuge from Inhumanity: Enriching Refugee Protection Standards through Recourse to Humanitarian Law, (Boston/Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 2014), 295-341.
  • (with C. Costello), ‘The Extraterritorial Application of the Charter: From Territoriality to Facticity, the Effectiveness Model’, in S. Peers et al. (eds.), Commentary on the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2014), 1657-1683.
  • ‘Life after Lisbon: EU Asylum Policy as a Factor of Migration Control’, in C. Murphy and D. Acosta (eds.), EU Justice and Security Law, (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2014), 146-167.
  • ‘Frontex as a Global Actor: External Relations with Third Countries and International Organisations’, in M. Dony (ed.), The External Dimension of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, (Brussels: ULBPress, 2012), 163-184
  • ‘Carrier Sanctions’, in S. Peers, E. Guild, D. Acosta, K. Groenendijk and V.  Moreno-Lax (eds.), EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 2, (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2012), 336-356
  • ‘The External Dimension of the Common European Asylum System after Stockholm’, in C. Gortázar Rotaeche et al. (eds.), European Migration and Asylum Policies: Coherence or Contradiction?, (Brussels: Bruylant, 2012), 103-112
  • ‘(Extraterritorial) Entry Controls and (Extraterritorial) Non-Refoulement in EU Law’, in M. Maes, M.-C. Foblets and Ph. De Bruycker (eds.), The External Dimensions of EU Asylum and Immigration Policy, (Brussels: Bruylant, 2011), 385-451

Book Reviews

  • T. Gammeltoft-Hansen, Access to Asylum, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, ISBN: 9781107003477, (2013) 26(2) Journal of Refugee Studies 318-319
  • M. den Heijer, Europe and Extraterritorial Asylum, Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2012, ISBN: 9781849462709, (2012) 27(2) Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law 184-186
  • M. Geiger and A. Pécoud (eds.), The Politics of International Migration Management, Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2010, ISBN: 9780230272583, (2012) 25(1) Journal of Refugee Studies 166-167
  • Hurwitz, The Collective Responsibility of States to Protect Refugees, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-19-927838-1, (2010) 12(1) European Journal of Migration and Law 133-142

Conferences and conference papers

2014

  • Expert meeting: High Commissioner's Dialogue on Protection Challenges 2014; 10-11 December 2014; UNHCR Headquarters, Geneva.
  • Presentation to the LIBE Committee of the European Parliament; Study: New Approaches, Alternative Avenues and Means of Access to Asylum Procedures for Persons Seeking International Protection (co-authored with Prof. Elspeth Guild, Dr Cathryn Costello, Madeline Garlick, and Minos Mouzourakis); 4 December 2014; European Parliament, Brussels.
  • Dialogue on Context 2: Environmental Law / Energy Law, within CLSGC’s 2014-15 Seminar Series 'Beyond Pluralism? Co-Implication, Embeddedness and Interdependency between Public International Law and EU Law'; Co-convener (with Dr Paul Gragl); 12 November 2014; Queen Mary Law School.
  • Dialogue on Context 1: Aspects of Monetary Policy, within CLSGC’s 2014-15 Seminar Series 'Beyond Pluralism? Co-Implication, Embeddedness and Interdependency between Public International Law and EU Law'; Co-convener (with Dr Paul Gragl); 12 November 2014; Queen Mary Law School.
  • Conference: Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) Annual Conference on Fundamental Rights and Migration to the EU; facilitator of working group II: Smuggling as a means of last resort to enter the EU; 10-11 November 2014; Rome.
  • Seminar: The Movement of Migrants and Refugees by Dangerous Means across the Mediterranean Sea and their Protection; Paper: ‘Interdiction Interdicted: Search and Rescue Obligations and the Positive Duty of States to Disembark “Boat Refugees” Recovered at Sea’; 4 November 2014; University of Luxembourg.
  • Workshop: ‘Undesirable and unreturnable’: the UK’s response to excluded asylum seekers and other migrants suspected of serious criminality; Co-chair (with Dr David Cantor); 23 October 2014; Refugee Law Initiative, University of London.
  • Introductory Roundtable: General Aspects of the Interrelationship between the Law of the European Union and Public International Law, within CLSGC’s 2014-15 Seminar Series 'Beyond Pluralism? Co-Implication, Embeddedness and Interdependency between Public International Law and EU Law'; Co-chair and co-convener (with Dr Paul Gragl); 15 October 2014; Queen Mary Law School.
  • Roundtable: The International Commission of Jurists’ Second Expert Roundtable on Asylum Claims based on Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity; Co-moderator (with Dr David Cantor); 3 October 2014; Refugee Law Initiative, University of London.
  • Conference: Using Human Security as a Legal Framework for the CEAS; Paper: ‘Access to Protection under EU Law – Risks and Opportunities of a Human Security Reading of Dublin Standards’; 4 July 2014; TMC Asser Instituut (The Netherlands).
  • Conference: ‘Boat Refugees’ and Migrants at Sea: A Comprehensive Approach – Integrating Maritime Security with Human Rights; Co-convenor (with Dr Efthymios Papastavridis); 23-24 June 2014; Senate House, University of London.
  • Prato Conference: Access to asylum: Current challenges and future directions; Paper: ‘The (il-)legality of the safe third country notion revisited: horizontal and vertical dimensions’; 29-30 May 2014; Monash University – Prato Centre (Italy).
  • RLI Doctoral Affiliates Network: II International Conference in Refugee Law; Chair and discussant of: Panel on Common European Asylum System (II); 25 April 2014; Senate House, University of London.
  • International Workshop: The Protection of Irregular Movement of Persons by Sea; Expert Plenary Speaker on: ‘Developing Protection-Sensitive Migration Management Systems – The Rights and Obligations of States and Migrants at Sea’; Special Conference on Irregular Movement of Persons Complementary to the Bali Process, hosted by the Government of Indonesia and UNHCR; 20-21 April 2014; Jakarta (Indonesia).
  • Migration Law Network Conference: A Sea of Troubles? Problematising Migration Law; Paper: ‘Flirting with Arbitrariness: The Changing Nature of “Effectiveness” in the Field of Migration Law – The Case of the Return Directive’; 28-29 March 2014; Birkbeck College, University of London.
  • RLI Workshop: Towards a Working Definition of Persecution; Discussant to Judge Dr Hugo Storey; 12 March 2014; Refugee Law Initiative, University of London.

2013

  • 3rd Consultative Forum of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO); Session 5 facilitator on Early Warning, Preparedness and Crisis Management Mechanism & Dublin III and Plenary Speaker on ‘Principled Implementation’ of CEAS instruments; 27-28 November 2013; European Asylum Support Office (Malta).
  • RLI Workshop: Comparative Regional Protection Frameworks for Refugees; Paper: ‘The Illegality of Safe Third Country Practices: Three Rules & Three Regions Appraised’; 15 November 2013; Refugee Law Initiative, University of London.
  • RLI Conference: On the Borders of Refugee Protection; Chair of Panel II: European Jurisdictions; 13-14 November 2013; Refugee Law Initiative, University of London.
  • International Workshop: The Concept and Protection of the ‘Climate Migrant’; Paper: ‘The EU, Climate Change and Human Displacement: No Tools to Cope?’; 18 Oct 2013; COST Action; University of Thessaloniki (Greece)
  • Conference: SLS Annual Conference (Migration Law Section); Paper: Is the CEAS (really) about Asylum?; 5-6 Sept 2013; Society of Legal Scholars; University of Edinburgh
  • Special Joint Public Seminar with CRS York and UNHCR: Treating Like Cases Alike in Refugee Law Adjudication; Co-Chair (with James C. Simeon); 25 Apr. 2013; Refugee Law Initiative, University of London
  • Conference: Annual Conference on EU Migration Law; Paper: ‘The Returns Directive: Key Features and Key Areas of Concern’; 13-14 May 2013; European Law Academy (ERA) Trier
  • Conference: Refuge from Inhumanity: Enriching refugee law with international humanitarian law; Paper: ‘Back to Basics: Articulating the Relationship between EU Asylum Law and International Humanitarian Law’; 12-13 Feb 2013; Refugee Law Initiative/Refugee Studies Centre; University of Oxford

2012

  • Conference: 30th Anniversary Conference: Understanding Global Refugee Policy; Paper: ‘Governing Boat Migration: Lessons from the Mediterranean’; 6-7 Dec 2012; Refugee Studies Centre; University of Oxford
  • Conference: Refugee Law Initiative: Doctoral Affiliates Conference; Panel Chair/discussant: 'The Securitization of Migration Governance'; 5 Dec 2012; Refugee Law Initiative; School of Advanced Study; University of London
  • International Workshop: EU Justice and Security; Paper: ‘EU Asylum Policy:  Between Refugee Protection and Migration Control’; 28 Nov 2012; King’s College London; Centre of European Law
  • UACES Conference: Old Borders – New Frontiers; Panel organiser/paper giver: ‘Migration and Asylum Policy after Stockholm: The Challenges Ahead’; 3-5 Sept 2012; University of Passau; Academic Association for Contemporary European Studies (UACES)
  • Seminar Series: Forward, backward, stalling? Critical reflections on the completion of the Common European Asylum System; Paper: ‘Accessing international protection in Europe: can EU policy be reconciled with EU law?’; 23 May 2012; Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxfrod (co-convenor)
  • Conference: Royal Navy and Oxford CCW Programme: Maritime Security; Paper: ‘People Smuggling by Sea: Reconciling State Powers with State Obligations?’; 28 Mar 2012; Merton College; University of Oxford
  • Conference: La dimension externe de l'Espace de Liberté, Sécurité et Justice après Lisbonne; Paper:‘Les relations extérieures de Frontex’ ; 26-27 Mar 2012 ; Université Libre de Bruxelles ; Institut d’Etudes Européennes
  • Conference: The Arab Spring and Beyond: Human Mobility and Institutional Responses; Paper: ‘The EU’s Responses to the Arab Spring’; 20 Mar 2012; Oxford Department of International Development; University of Oxford

2011

  • International Workshop: Governing Forced Migration by Sea: A Legal Perspective; Paper: ‘Joint Operation Hermes: Contextualising the Role of Frontex in the Mediterranean’; 18 Nov 2011; All Souls College; University of Oxford (co-convenor)
  • Conference: Exploring Avenues for Protected Entry in Europe; Rapporteur/Plenary Speaker: ‘Practical aspects of Protected Entry Procedures’; European Council of Refugees and Exiles; Brussels; 19 Sept 2011
  • International Workshop: Freedom, Security and Justice? A Round Table on the Stockholm Programme; Paper: ‘A Common European Asylum System by 2012?’; 10 Jun 2011; King’s College London; Centre of European Law
  • Conference: EU External Relations Law and Policy in the Post-Lisbon Era; Paper: ‘Frontex as a Global Actor: A Human Rights Perspective’; 13 Jan 2011; University of Sheffield; Faculty of Law

2010

  • Conference: La Gestión de las Fronteras Exteriores de la Unión Europea: Nuevos Retos; Paper: ‘La Reforma del Reglamento Frontex: Riesgos y Oportunidades’; 11 Nov 2010; Jean Monet Chair; Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Scribani International Conference: European Migration and Asylum Policies: Coherence or Contradiction?; Paper: ‘The External Dimension of the Common European Asylum System after Stockholm’; 8-10 Sept 2010; Universidad Pontificia de Comillas de Madrid/European Jesuit Network
  • Conference: Frontex: Guerre aux Migrants; Paper: ‘L’impact de FRONTEX sur les droits de l’homme’; 24 Mar 2010 ; La Ligue des Droits de l’Homme de Belgique

2009

  • IV International Colloquium in International Refugee Law: The Common European Asylum System: Phase II; Paper: ‘Searching Responsibilities and Rescuing Rights: Refugee Law at Sea’; 30 Sept-3 Oct 2009; Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo (Cuenca, Spain)/The Refugee Law Reader/Hungarian Helsinki Committee
  • 12th Conference of the International Association for the Study of Forced Migration (IASFM): Transforming Boundaries; Panel organizer/paper giver: ‘Obstacles to International Protection at all Stages of the Flow’; 28 Jun-2 Jul 2009; IASFM/University of Nicosia (Cyprus)
  • VI European Congress – Odysseus Network: The External Dimension of the Migration and Asylum Policies of the EU; Paper: ‘Visa Policy and Carrier Sanctions’; 3-4 Apr 2009; Royal Academy of the Arts and Sciences of Belgium
  • 2009 Nordic Refugee Seminar; Paper: ‘Is a Right to Disembark Implicit in the Positive Obligation to Protect Human Life?’; 5-6 Feb 2009; Raoul Wallenberg Institute for Human Rights/Faculty of Law; University of Lund (Sweden)

2008

  • 7th WISH Conference: Europe – A Continent of Migration? Legal Challenges in the Construction of a European Migration Policy; Discussant to Panel 2: ‘Border Controls: Efficiency versus Human Rights’; 14-15 Nov 2008; European Law Journal/Humboldt University Berlin
  • V Challenge Training School: Migration, Visas and Asylum: Social, Legal and Political Issues; Paper: ‘Borders Must have Doors for Refugees’; 18-19 Apr 2008; Centre for European Policy Studies (Belgium)
  • 11th Conference of the International Association for the Study of Forced Migration (IASFM): Refugees and Forced Migration at the Crossroads; Paper: ‘EU Protection-Sensitive Entry Management Systems’; 7-10 Jan 2008; IASFM/American University Cairo (Egypt)

PhD Supervision

Dr Moreno-Lax welcomes proposals for postgraduate supervision in the fields of migration and refugee law, free movement of persons, and human rights.

Dr Moreno-Lax is currently supervising:

Public engagement

Dr Moreno-Lax organised a conference entitled, '"Boat Refugees" and Migrants at Sea: A Comprehensive Approach Integrating Maritime Security with Human Rights' on 23-24 June 2014.

Dr Moreno-Lax has acted as expert consultant for the European Parliament and the European Commission, and as legal advisor for a number of governmental and non-governmental organisations active in the area of refugee and migrant rights.

She regularly collaborates with the ODYSSEUS Academic Network for Legal Studies on Immigration and Asylum in Europe; she is a course developer and instructor for the Global Human Rights Education Network; and the EU Asylum Law Coordinator at the Refugee Law Initiative of the University of London.

Recent expert studies and briefing papers

Additional Public Engagement Activities


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