Dr Violeta Moreno-Lax, LLB/LLM (Murcia); MA (College of Europe); Post-graduate Certificate (ULB); PhD (Louvain); PGCAP (Queen Mary)
Lecturer in Law
Dr Violeta Moreno-Lax is Lecturer in Law, inaugural Director (2014-16) and co-founder of the LLM in Immigration Law programme, and inaugural Co-Director (2014-16) and co-founder of the Centre for European and International Legal Affairs (CEILA) at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). She is also EU Asylum Law Coordinator at the Refugee Law Initiative of the University of London, Co-Chair of The Refugee Law Observatory, Convener of the Society of Legal Scholars (SLS) Migration Law Section, as well as member of the Steering Committee of the Migration Law Network. Since January 2016, she is part of the Editorial Board of the European Journal of Migration and Law. And since March 2016, she is a Fellow of the High Education Academy. She regularly collaborates with JMCEMigrants, the Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence on Migrants’ Rights in the Mediterranean coordinated by L’Orientale University of Naples, and the ODYSSEUS Academic Network for Legal Studies on Immigration and Asylum in Europe, especially through the OMNIA project (2015-18), with both of which she has concluded an institutional partnership on behalf of Queen Mary.
Before coming to Queen Mary, she was a Lecturer in Law at the Universities of Liverpool (2012-13) and Oxford (2011-12). She has held visiting positions at the Universities of Oxford (2010-12), Nijmegen (2009-10), and The Hague Academy of International Law (Research Session 2010). She has published widely in the areas of international and European refugee and migration law and acted as expert consultant for the EU institutions and other organisations active in the field. Her monograph, Accessing Asylum Europe: Extraterritorial Border Controls and Refugee Rights Under EU Law, is forthcoming with OUP. For further details of her publications, please, consult her Academia page.
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Dr Moreno-Lax is generally interested in:
- International and European refugee law and migration studies;
- Public international law, specially the study of jurisdiction, responsibility of States and international organisations, and the law of treaties;
- EU law, with a particular focus on constitutional foundations and general principles, external relations and the external aspects of border and migration policy, EU citizenship, the free movement of persons, and justice and home affairs;
- Human rights, including regional systems of protection and the philosophical foundations of individual liberties.
Dr Moreno-Lax leads / is involved in a number of collaborative and externally funded research projects, including:
- General Principles of EU Law Project (2016-18): leading to a Research Handbook on General Principles of EU Law co-edited with Katja Ziegler and Paivi Neuvonen, to be published by Edward Elgar. [Leading Team]
- The Law of Search and Rescue: Assessing International and National Practice and Policy to Enhance Migration Law Project (2016-18): comparing EU and Australian law and policy regarding search and rescue and migration control, funded by Macquarie Research Development Grant, leading to several research outputs. [Researcher]
- Beyond Pluralism: Embeddedness and Co-implication between Public International Law and EU Law Project (2014-16): funded by the Law Department of Queen Mary, as CLSGC 2014-15 Annual Seminar Series, leading to a Special Issue of the Oxford Yearbook of European Law, co-edited with Paul Gragl. [Principal Investigator]
- ‘Boat Refugees’ and Migrants at Sea Project (2014-16): involving multi-disciplinary researchers, experts, and practitioners from all over the world, coordinated by Queen Mary Law School and the Refugee Law Initiative of the University of London, co-funded by the UACES Small Grants Scheme and the Human Rights Consortium (2014-15), leading to a collected volume with the same title, co-edited with Efthymios Papastavridis, published by Brill. [Principal Investigator]
- Forced Migration and Law of the Sea Project (2011): funded by the Exploratory Research Grant Scheme of the Law Faculty of the University of Oxford, leading to an expert workshop co-convened with Irini Papanicolopoulou, hosted by All Souls College. [Principal Investigator]
- Accessing Asylum in Europe Project (2010-12): funded by Fundación Caja Madrid (2010-11) and Fundación Rafael del Pino (2011-12), leading to a monograph with the same title, published by Oxford University Press. [Principal Investigator]
- IMPALA Database (pilot phase 2010-12): International Migration Policy and Law Analysis Project, regrouping several institutions, including LSE, Harvard University, and Sydney Law School. [Researcher]
- REFGOV Project (2005-10): Reflexive Governance in the Public Interest, Human Rights Unit (Framework Programme 6 of the European Commission), co-ordinated by the University of Louvain, leading to multiple research outputs, including the collected volume Human Rights in the Web of Governance, co-edited with Olivier De Schutter, published by Bruylant. [Researcher]
Books and Monographs
- Accessing Asylum in Europe: Extraterritorial Border Controls and Refugee Rights under EU Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming)
- EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 3 (Asylum), co-authored and co-edited with S. Peers, M. Garlick and E. Guild (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2015), 682 pp
- EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 2 (Immigration), co-authored and co-edited with S. Peers, E. Guild, D. Acosta, and K. Groenendijk (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2012), 572 pp.
- Research Handbook on General Principles of EU Law, K. Ziegler, V. Moreno-Lax and P. Neuvonen (eds), (Edward Elgar, under contract)
- Beyond Pluralism: Co-implication, Embeddedness and Interdependency between Public International Law and EU Law, P. Gragl and V. Moreno-Lax (eds), Special Issue, Oxford Yearbook of European Law (forthcoming)
- ‘Boat Refugees’ and Migrants at Sea: A Comprehensive Approach. Integrating Maritime Security with Human Rights, V. Moreno-Lax and E. Papastavridis (eds), (Leiden/Boston: Brill, in print)
- Human Rights in the Web of Governance: Towards a learning-based fundamental rights policy for the European Union, O. De Schutter and V. Moreno-Lax (eds), (Brussels: Bruylant, 2010), 322 pp.
Peer reviewed articles
- ‘The Co-option of Human Rights and the “Non-Life” of Boat Refugees’ Journal of Common Market Studies (in progress)
- ‘From Elgafaji to Qurbani: Towards a Hyper-Autonomy of EU Asylum Law?’, Common Market Law Review (in progress)
- (with D. Ghezelbash, N. Klein and B. Opeskin) ‘The Securitisation of Search and Rescue at Sea: “Boat Migration” Management in Australia and the EU Compared’, International and Comparative Law Quarterly (in progress)
- (with E. Guild, C. Costello and M. Garlick) ‘Enhancing the CEAS: “Dublin without Coercion” and Access to Protection’, Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law (forthcoming)
- (with P. Gragl) ‘Introduction: Towards a New Rationale?’, in Beyond Pluralism: Co-implication, Embeddedness and Interdependency between Public International Law and EU Law (Special Issue), Oxford Yearbook of European Law (forthcoming)
- ‘Systematising Systemic Integration: “War Refugees”, Regime Relations, and a Proposal for a Cumulative Approach to International Commitments’ (2014) 12(5) Journal of International Criminal Justice 907-929 [shortlisted for the JICJ Prize]
- ‘Hirsi v Italy or the Strasbourg Court v Extraterritorial Migration Control?’ (2012) 12(3) Human Rights Law Review 574-598
- ‘Dismantling the Dublin System: M.S.S. v Belgium and Greece’ (2012) 14(1) European Journal of Migration and Law 1-31
- ‘Beyond Saadi v UK: Why the “Unnecessary” Detention of Asylum Seekers is Inadmissible under EU Law’ (2011) 5(2) Human Rights and International Legal Discourse 166-206
- ‘Seeking Asylum in the Mediterranean: Against a Fragmentary Reading of EU Member States’ Obligations Accruing at Sea’ (2011) 23(2) International Journal of Refugee Law 174-220
- ‘The EU Regime on Interdiction, Search and Rescue, and Disembarkation: The Frontex Guidelines for Intervention at Sea’ (2010) 25(4) The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 621-635
- ‘Must EU Borders Have Doors for Refugees? On the Compatibility of Visas and Carrier Sanctions with Member States’ Obligations to Provide International Protection to Refugees’ (2008) 10(3) European Journal of Migration and Law 315-364.
- ‘Do International Organisations have “Jurisdiction” under International Law? Distinguishing Sovereignty from other Forms of Derived Power’, in M. Fitzmaurice et al. (eds), Oxford Handbook of Jurisdiction in International Law (Oxford University Press, under contract)
- ‘Migration as a Crime’, in V. Mitsilegas and S. Hufnagel (eds), Research Handbook on Transnational Crime (Edward Elgar, under contract)
- (with E. Papastavridis) ‘Tracing the Bases of an Integrated Paradigm for Maritime Security and Human Rights at Sea’, in V. Moreno-Lax and E. Papastavridis (eds), ‘Boat Refugees’ and Migrants at Sea: A Comprehensive Approach (Brill, in print)
- ‘Introduction to G.S. Goodwin-Gill, The Refugee in International Law (Clarendon Press, 1983)’, in BIICL (eds), British Influences on International Law (BIICL/Brill, in print)
- ‘The Legality of the “Safe Third Country” Notion Contested: Insights from the Law of Treaties’, in G.S. Goodwin-Gill and P. Weckel (eds), Migration & Refugee Protection in the 21st Century: Legal Aspects - The Hague Academy of International Law Centre for Research (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff, 2015) 665-721
- (with M. Garlick), ‘The Qualification Directive’, in S. Peers, V. Moreno-Lax, M. Garlick and E. Guild (eds), EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 3 (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2015) 65-210
- (with E. Guild), ‘The Reception Conditions Directive’, in S. Peers, V. Moreno-Lax, M. Garlick and E. Guild (eds), EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 3 (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2015) 497-570
- ‘The External Dimension of the Common European Asylum System’, in S. Peers, V. Moreno-Lax, M. Garlick and E. Guild (eds), EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 3 (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2015) 617-674
- (with C. Costello), ‘The Extraterritorial Application of the Charter: From Territoriality to Facticity, the Effectiveness Model’, in S. Peers et al (eds), Commentary on the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2014) 1657-1683
- ‘Of Autonomy, Autarky, Purposiveness and Fragmentation: The Relationship between EU Asylum Law and International Humanitarian Law’, in J.-F. Durieux and D. Cantor (eds), Refuge from Inhumanity: Enriching Refugee Protection Standards through Recourse to Humanitarian Law (Boston/Leiden: Brill, 2014) 295-341
- ‘Life after Lisbon: EU Asylum Policy as a Factor of Migration Control’, in D. Acosta and C. Murphy (eds), EU Justice and Security Law (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2014) 146-167
- ‘Frontex as a Global Actor: External Relations with Third Countries and International Organisations’, in M. Dony (ed.), The External Dimension of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (Brussels: Presses de l’ULB, 2012) 163-184
- ‘Carrier Sanctions’, in S. Peers, E. Guild, D. Acosta, K. Groenendijk and V. Moreno-Lax (eds), EU Immigration and Asylum Law, 2nd Ed., Vol. 2 (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2012) 336-356
- ‘The External Dimension of the Common European Asylum System after Stockholm’, in C. Gortázar Rotaeche et al. (eds), European Migration and Asylum Policies: Coherence or Contradiction? (Brussels: Bruylant, 2012) 103-112
- ‘(Extraterritorial) Entry Controls and (Extraterritorial) Non-Refoulement in EU Law’, in P. De Bruycker, M.-C. Foblets, and M. Maes (eds), The External Dimensions of EU Asylum and Immigration Policy (Brussels: Bruylant, 2011) 385-451.
- V. Chetail, P. De Bruycker, and F. Maiani (eds), Reforming the CEAS, Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2016, ISBN: 9789004308657, European Law Review (in preparation)
- T. Gammeltoft-Hansen, Access to Asylum, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, ISBN: 9781107003477, (2013) 26(2) Journal of Refugee Studies 318-319
- M. den Heijer, Europe and Extraterritorial Asylum, Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2012, ISBN: 9781849462709, (2013) 27(2) Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law 184-186
- M. Geiger and A. Pécoud (eds.), The Politics of International Migration Management, Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2010, ISBN: 9780230272583, (2012) 25(1) Journal of Refugee Studies 166-167
- Hurwitz, The Collective Responsibility of States to Protect Refugees, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009, ISBN 978-0-19-927838-1, (2010) 12(1) European Journal of Migration and Law 133-142.
Dr Moreno-Lax welcomes proposals for postgraduate supervision in the fields of EU and international law, migration, refugee law, and human rights.
Dr Moreno-Lax is currently supervising:
- Ceren Mutus Toprakseven [2015 Open Studentship Awardee]
- Kathryn Alinson [2016 Open Studentship Awardee]
- Nicolette Busuttil [2016 Open Studentship Awardee]
Dr Moreno-Lax has acted as expert consultant for the European institutions, and as legal advisor for a number of governmental and non-governmental organisations active in the area of refugee and migrant rights. She is also regularly invited to deliver expert and keynote speeches in her areas of expertise.
Expert studies and briefing papers
- Study for the Red Cross EU Office, Europe in Crisis: Facilitating Access to International Protection, (Discarding) Offshore Processing and Alternatives for the Way Ahead, (Brussels: RCEU, 2016)
- Study for the European Parliament, LIBE Committee (with C. Costello, M. Garlick,and E. Guild), Enhancing the CEAS and Alternatives to Dublin, (Brussels: European Parliament, 2015).
- Study for the European Parliament, LIBE Committee (with C. Costello, M. Garlick, and E. Guild), New Approaches, Alternative Avenues and Means of Access to Asylum Procedures for Persons Seeking International Protection, (Brussels: European Parliament, 2014)
- Briefing Paper for the European Parliament, DG External Policies (with E. Guild), ‘Current Challenges regarding International Refugee Law, with a focus on EU policies and EU co-operation with UNHCR’, (Brussels: European Parliament, 2013)
- Expert opinion drafted on behalf of the lmmigration Law Practitoners' Association (ILPA), ‘Observations concerning the own-initiative inquiry into the implementation by Frontex of its fundamental rights obligations received from lmmigration Law Practitoners' Association’, (Strasbourg, European Ombudsman, 2012)
- Study for the European Parliament, LIBE Committee (drafted with the Odysseus Network of legal studies on Immigration and Asylum in Europe), Setting Up a Common European Asylum System, (Brussels: European Parliament, 2010).
Expert speaker and keynote appearances
- Dr Moreno-Lax will convene the 2016 SLS Annual Conference (Migration Law Section) and deliver an introductory address on ‘Migration Law in Crisis? International, EU and National Perspectives’ to open panel debates, in Oxford on 8-9 September 2016
- Dr Moreno-Lax will act as keynote speaker at the plenary on ‘The EU’s International Role’ of the UACES 2016 Annual Conference on European Studies, in London on 5-7 September 2016
- Dr Moreno-Lax contributed to the 1st Annual Conference of the Refugee Law Initiative: The Future of Refugee Law with a paper on ‘Solidarity as a Legal Obligation and the Future of Refugee Law’. The event took place in London on 29 June-1st July 2016
- Dr Moreno-Lax co-convened and delivered the final conclusions of the 2016 Conference of the Migration Law Network: 'Europe’s crisis: What future for immigration law and policy?', hosted by Queen Mary University of London, held in London on 27-28 June 2016
- Dr Moreno-Lax contributed with a paper on ‘Strains on the Dublin System: Coercion-based Solidarity’ to the 2016 Annual Leiden / London Meeting of the British Institute of International and Comparative Law and the Common Market Law Review, held in Leiden on 25 June 2016
- Dr Moreno-Lax delivered oral evidence on the Dublin IV proposal COM(2016)270 as expert witness at the House of Lords, EU Select Committee – Home Affairs Sub-Committee Hearing, held in London on 15 June 2016. A video file of her intervention is available here
- Dr Moreno-Lax contributed as Lecturer on ‘The EU at Sea’ and Chair of the closing plenary session of the JMCEMigrants – Summer School Open Sea on Border Controls and Human Rights, held in Naples on 6-14 June 2016
- Dr Moreno-Lax contributed as invited expert on access to international protection at the International Rescue Committee Workshop: Accelerating Legal Pathways from Greece, held in London on 25 May 2016
- Dr Moreno-Lax participated as representative of academia at the Focus Group Discussion organised by the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute, gathering key CEAS actors (ECRE / FRA / UNHCR), and leading to the Expert Study: A New Asylum Policy for Europe?. The event took place in Vienna on 26 April 2016
- Dr Moreno-Lax contributed as expert speaker on ‘CEAS: Features, Concerns & Perspectives – The EU-Turkey Deal’ at the 1st International Symposium of the Turkish Judges Association on Migration, co-organised with the Raoul Wallenberg Institute for Human Rights, held in Istanbul on 25-26 April 2016
- Dr Moreno-Lax acted as keynote speaker on EU solidarity, the refugee crisis, and alternatives to the Dublin system at the Dutch Presidency of the EU - Inter-parliamentary Conference on Human Trafficking in the Digital Age, held in The Hague on 13-14 March 2016. A video file of her intervention is available here (1:23’38’’)
- Dr Moreno-Lax contributed as expert speaker on ‘Non-Refoulement at Sea: Reconciling State Powers with State Obligations’ to the International Institute of Humanitarian Law - Practitioners Workshop (co-organised with UNCHR and IOM): Rescue of Refugees and Migrants in the Mediterranean, held in San Remo on 7-9 March 2016
- Dr Moreno-Lax contributed a paper entitled: ‘The Principle of (External) Solidarity: Meaning, Dimensions and Implications’ to the 1st Odysseus / OMNIA Annual Conference: Searching for Solidarity in EU Asylum Policy, held in Brussels on 26-27 February 2016. An audio file of her intervention is available here
- Dr Moreno-Lax acted as panellist on ‘What Price Fortress Europe?’ alongside UNHCR, Amnesty International, and ILPA at the SBL / AML Conference: Do Refugees Have a Future in Europe?, held at Westminster Hall in London on 12 December 2015
- Dr Moreno-Lax delivered a plenary speech on the Qualification Directive case law and shifts in interpretative approach at the EASO / CJEU Conference: Judging on the CEAS, hosted by the CJEU in Luxembourg on 5-6 November 2015
- Dr Moreno-Lax delivered the inaugural seminar ‘Access to Protection in the European Union’ of the RLI 6th International Refugee Law Seminar Series: Focus on European Asylum Law, in London on 23 October 2015
- Dr Moreno-Lax convened the 2015 SLS Annual Conference (Migration Law Section) and delivered an introductory address on ‘Migrants as Law Subjects and Subjects of Law’ to open panel debates, in York on 3-4 September 2015
- Dr Moreno-Lax was invited expert at the House of Lords EU Select Committee – JHA Sub-Committee Seminar on EU Agendas on Migration and Security, held in London on 1st July 2015
- Dr Moreno-Lax co-convened and delivered a paper entitled ‘Towards a Meta-Axiology? Human Rights the Autonomy of EU Law’ at the CLSGC Conference: Constructive Links or Dangerous Liaisons? The Case of Public International Law and EU Law, hosted by Queen Mary University of London, in London on 25-26 June 2015
- Dr Moreno-Lax convened and delivered a paper entitled ‘The STC Principle and Solidarity with Third Countries’ at the joint RLI – Queen Mary Workshop: The Meaning of Solidarity for Refugee Protection in the EU, held in London on 27 April 2015
- Dr Moreno-lax acted as plenary speaker in opening panel on ‘The Political Controversy’ at the EU Green Party Conference: Beyond Dublin: Rethinking Europe’s Asylum System, held in Brussels on 3 June 2015. A video file of her intervention is available here (00:35’35’’)
- Dr Moreno-Lax delivered a plenary speech on EUNAVFOR Med and its IHL and human rights implications at the MARSAFENET Stakeholder Workshop: From Mare Nostrum to Triton, held in Naples on 15 May 2015
- Dr Moreno-Lax acted as invited speaker on the A Mediterranean perspective on migrant flows teaching week, launching the JMCEMigrants - Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence in Migrants’ Rights in the Mediterranean, in Naples on 11-15 May 2015
- Dr Moreno-Lax participated as invited expert by the Red Cross EU Office, conducting a seminar on External Processing of Asylum: Identifying a Humanitarian Position and contributing to the design of an appropriate advocacy strategy, in Berlin on 13 March 2015
- Dr Moreno-Lax contributed to the Bali Process Training Workshop on International Obligations and Good Practices for Addressing Irregular Movements by Sea, jointly co-organised by IMO, UNCHR, and RSO, as project advisor, designing the training outline and syllabus content and acting as lead trainer, in Bangkok on 19-22 January 2015
- Dr Moreno-Lax was invited as expert to the UNHCR High Commissioner's Dialogue on Protection Challenges 2014, held in Geneva on 10-11 December 2014
- Dr Moreno-Lax presented to the LIBE Committee of the European Parliament the study co-authored with Professor Elspeth Guild, Dr Cathryn Costello, Madeline Garlick, and Minos Mouzourakis on New Approaches, Alternative Avenues and Means of Access to Asylum Procedures for Persons Seeking International Protection, in Brussels on 4 December 2014
- Dr Moreno-Lax acted as facilitator for Working group II: Smuggling as a means of last resort to enter the EU at the EU Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) Annual Conference on Fundamental Rights and Migration to the EU, held in Rome on 10-11 November 2014
- Dr Moreno-Lax was invited by the Red Cross and the University of Luxembourg to speak on the movement of migrants and refugees in search of protection across the Mediterranean Sea. The event was held in Luxembourg on 4 November 2014
- Dr Moreno-Lax acted as expert plenary speaker, delivering an address on: ‘Developing Protection-Sensitive Migration Management Systems – The Rights and Obligations of States and Migrants at Sea’, as part of the Inter-Governmental International Workshop on: The Protection of Irregular Movement of Persons by Sea within the Special Conference on Irregular Movement of Persons Complementary to the Bali Process, hosted by the Government of Indonesia and UNHCR, held in Jakarta on 21-22 April 2014
- Dr Moreno-Lax acted as facilitator for parallel session 5 on Early Warning, Preparedness and Crisis Management Mechanism & Dublin III and as Plenary Speaker on ‘Principled Implementation of CEAS instruments’ at the closing plenary of the 3rd Consultative Forum of the European Asylum Support Office (EASO), held in Malta on 27-28 November 2013.
Red Cross EU Office commisions study by Dr Violeta Moreno-Lax
11 February 2016
Dr Moreno-Lax speaks on migrant protection in Indonesia
23 April 2014